Sarojini Naidu was one of the first women to participate in India’s struggle for Independence from the British. She was also one of India’s first female poets and is often known by the moniker “The Nightingale Of India”.

SAROJINI NAIDU was also one of India’s first female poets

SAROJINI NAIDU was also one of India’s first female poets


Sarojini Naidu turned into a outstanding discern of her time, who had numerous feathers in her cap. She was a distinguished poet, a renowned freedom fighter, and one of the greatest orators of her time. She was the first Indian woman to become the president of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of a state in India.


Sarojini Chattopaadhyay was born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad. Her father Aghora Nath Chattopaadhyay was a scientist and philosopher. He was the founder of Nizam College, Hyderabad. Sarojini Naidu’s mother’s name was Baroda Sundari Devi. And she was a poetess. She used to write poetry in Bengali. She was the eldest among eight siblings.
Sarojini Naidu was a brilliant student. At the age of 12 only, she attained national fame. She topped the Matriculation Examination at Madras University. She was proficient in English, Bengali, Urdu, Telegu, and Persian. Because of her brilliance, her father wanted her to become a mathematician or scientist. Though Sarojini Naidu was interested in poetry. She started writing poems in English. Impressed by her skill, the then Nizam of Hyderabad gave her the scholarship to study abroad. At the age of sixteen, she traveled to England to study first at King’s College London and later at Girton College, Cambridge.

When she was 15 years old, she met Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu, a non-Brahmin doctor, and fell in love with him. After finishing her studies at the of 19, she married him, during a time when inter-caste marriages were not allowed. It was a revolutionary step but her father fully supported her.


Throughout her career, Sarojini Naidu worked for the dignity of the common man and the education and emancipation of women, by actively encouraging the setting up of orphanages and schools for girls. Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian National Movement in the wake of the partition of Bengal in 1905. She came in contact with stalwarts like Rabindranath Tagore, Annie Besant, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Gandhiji, and Jawaharlal Neheru. She awakened the women of India. In 1925, Sarojini Naidu presided over the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Kanpur. She played an active role during the Civil Disobedience Movement and was jailed for 21 months, along with Gandhiji and other leaders. After Indian Independence, Sarojini Naidu became the Governor of U.P.
Besides her political career, she is recognized as one of the greatest Indo-Anglian poets. She is appreciated as a great lyricist. Her lyrics are melodious. Her poems are appreciated not only in India but all over the world. She was a prolific poet whose volumes of poetry included The Golden Threshold (1965), The Bird Of Time ( 1912), and her collected poems, published under the title “Sceptred Flute” (1928) and The Feather of the Dawn (1961).


Sarojini Naidu was an incredible poet of the 20th century. And had been largely instrumental in making India free from British rule. It is not wrong to say that she was one of the most influential personalities of India in the Freedom struggle era and lived a glorious life.

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