Globe Theatre in London is an iconic one . Associated with the greatest playwright of English Theatre, William Shakespeare. Built in 1599 by Shakespeare’s playing company . Built by The Lord Chamberlain’s Men . Unfortunately destroyed by fire on 26th June 1613. After 1599, the plays of William Shakespeare were performed in Globe. Despite its hurried construction in 1599, the Globe proved a triumph. Its first decade of use made it a favorite not just with subsequent generations of theatre-goers, but with the company itself.
Early in 1599 Shakespeare, who had already been acting with Lord Chamberlain’s Men since 1594, paid into the coffers of the company a large sum of money as the cost of building the globe. He did this as a chief shareholder in the company and by doing so, he helped to establish a uniquely successful form of commercial operation for the actors of the time. Shakespeare designed “As you like it”, “Hamlet”, “Twelfth Night”, “Othello”, “All’s well that ends well”, “Measure for measure”, “King Lear”, “Macbeth”, “Antony and Cleopatra”, “Coriolanus”, “Pericles”, “The winter Tales”, “Troilus and Cressida” and “Timon of Athens”, for performance there. The design of this original theatre reflected a mix of traditions.
HISTORY OF GLOBE THEATRE :
The Globe Theater which we see today in London is the third Globe Theatre. The first opened in 1599 and was built by The Lord Chamberlain’s Men; the company that the world-famous playwright Shakespeare wrote for and also part-owned. The Globe Theatre is significant because it was part of the English Renaissance, a time when theatre and arts flourished. The Globe was built using timber from an earlier theater. The theater which has been built by Richard Burbage’s father, James Burbage.
A performance of Julius Caesar witnessed on 31st September 1599 was most likely the first production. However, the first performance for which a firm record remains was Jason’s “Every Man Out of His Humour”. On 29th June 1613, the Globe Theatre went up in flames during a performance of Henry VIII. A theatrical cannon, set off during the performance misfired, igniting the wooden beams and thatching. Rebuilt in the following year. Like all the other theaters in London, The Globe closed down by Puritans in 1642. It pulled down sometime between 1644-45, to make room for tenements. A modern reconstruction of the theatre, named Shakespeare’s Globe, in 1997 and is located approximately 750 feet from the site of the original theatre.
EFFECTS OF GLOBE THEATRE ON SHAKESPEARE’S LIFE AND WORKS :
The Globe Theater was one of the re-opened theaters to present the new approach to drama and theatric art, according to the standards of the Renaissance. The role of Globe Theatre in Shakespeare’s life and works is quite significant. He was one of the most prominent playwrights and poets of the 16-17th centuries. The role of this theatre in Shakespeare’s life is significant because the possibility to participate in the theatre’s The Chamberlain’s Men Group and to write for the theatrical performances contributed to the development of Shakespeare’s career as a professional playwright. Not only that, but it also influenced his personal life, making him one of the most influential persons in London and affecting his works with the references to the play’s main idea, themes, and motives.