One of the most important aspects of film making is editing. It is the art and craft of cutting and assembling the finished film. Editing is also the method, technique and practice of assembling shots into a coherent sequence. It is a post-production job and done by a film editor. FILM EDITING : THE INVISIBLE ART!
FILM EDITING : THE INVISIBLE ART! DEFINITION
Film editing is both a creative and a technical part of the post-production process of film making. The term derived from the traditional process of working with film which has increasingly come to incorporate the use of digital technology. The film editing techniques used by film editors to tell stories using video content through importing film footage, organizing shots by scenes and takes as well as assembling the pieces to create a compelling story. Film editing often referred to as the “Invisible Art”, because when well-practiced, the viewer can become so engaged that they are not aware of the editor’s work.
FILM EDITING TECHNIQUES
Originally seen as a technical tool in the movie-making process, film editing has quickly evolved to become one of the most important creative aspects of film making. In the beginning of films, there was no concept of editing. A single shot taken from a single static camera. Today, there are many editing techniques that have evolved over the years to create new forms of film language. Some of the important techniques of editing include –
• Continuity Editing – this technique simply ensures that things remain the same from shot to shot. That means, the continuity maintained from one shot to another.
Firstly , Cross Cutting – Cross cutting is an editing technique that evolves showing two or more separate actions, by cutting back to them, one at a time.
Secondly , Cut Away – A cut away shot is an abrupt cut from one thing to another, in order to cut away from one thing to bring attention to another.
Thirdly ,The Dissolve – Dissolve is the most common editing techniques and it is described as having the visuals of one scene overlapping with the visuals of the incoming one.
Finally Fade – With a fade, either to white or most commonly black, a scene comes to an end. Unlike a traditional cut, a fade slowly ends a scene definitively.
These apart, there are several other techniques like J&L cut, Jump cut, Match cut, Montage, Shot/Reverse shot, etc.
FILM EDITING SOFTWARE
Video editing is highly in demand, with Youtube, Digital Marketing, and Social media taking the world by storm. Editing has been easier with so many good film editing software flooding the market. Good video editing software is a must for professional video editors and filmmakers. Some of the best film editing software includes Adobe Premiere Pro, Cyberlink Power Director 365, Adobe Premiere Elements, Pinnacle Studio, Final Cut Pro, Adobe Premiere Rush, and others. Some other much-used Video editing Software includes Avidemux, Blender USE, Olive, Cinelerra, Shotcut, etc. These are the names of Film editing software that are free.
WHAT COVERS IN FILM EDITING COURSES?
Film editing programs include courses that prepare students to edit video footage that can be used for commercials, documentaries, television shows and films. Besides editing, most of the programs also include instruction in Screenwriting, Sound acting, Directing, Production and Post-production. Bachelors and Masters degree courses relating to film editing often incorporate internships, seminars and final projects. A regular film editing courses covers topics – Shadows, Film style, Special Effects Enhancement, data modifications, Photo development and Sound Pitch.
Good editing can help a movie proceed at a good pace suiting the story and establishing the proper connect with the audiences. It conveys the proper essence of the film and delivers the film as a complete unit.